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Starlink by SpaceX as Business Revolution

What is Starlink?

Starlink is an American company called SpaceX, a provider of internet services that are directly connected to satellites. There are approximately 2,000 Starlink's satellites already operating and orbiting at a lower position than other communications satellites as a result of which it is thought to increase access speeds.

The Starlink constellation network is planned to be at three misaligned orbital heights. In the first phase, SpaceX will launch 1584 satellites into orbit 550 km above the top of the Earth. The orbit has an inclination of 55° and 40 misaligned orbital planes using each plane has 66 satellites. After that, SpaceX will start filling the other 2 orbital altitudes. They will load 7518 satellites into orbit with a height of 340 km and 2841 satellites for an altitude of 1200 km.

The first phase required 24 launches using 60 satellites at each launch to achieve global reach, but required only 6 launches to be able to serve the Internet to North America. SpaceX plans to have one to five more Starlink launches by the end of 2019.

The Starlink satellite development center located in Redmond, Washington serves as a research, development, satellite production, and control center for all satellites on the Starlink internet satellite project.

To connect to the satellite, the user only needs a small satellite dish. The shape can be varied. Some can be installed on the roof or on the home page.

What is SpaceX?

Space Exploration Technologies Corporation or abbreviated as SpaceX is a private United States space transportation company founded by Elon Musk using the development of the reusable Falcon rocket. SpaceX is also sharing the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft for sending supplies and crew replacements to the International Space Station.

SpaceX was founded on May 6, 2002 by an entrepreneur named Elon Musk. Originally based in El Segundo, SpaceX now operates in Hawthorne, California.

SpaceX was the first private company to launch a space probe into orbit, and land it back in 2010. It was also the first private company to send a space probe to the International Space Station.

The first also lands an orbital-class rocket using the "propulsive landing" method. Relaunch of an orbital-class rocket, sending an object into solar orbit (Test launch of a Falcon Heavy rocket carrying a Tesla Roadster car; & the first private company to send astronauts into orbit & to the International Space Station.

In 2020, SpaceX also shared Starship, a self-funded, super-heavy launch system for interplanetary spaceflight replacing the Falcon 9 & Dragon spacecraft. 

How fast is Starlink access?

Tests using internet speed measuring site Ookla show that Starlink's internet speed exceeds 100 Mbps in 15 countries. In the United States, the service offered by Starlink is internet access using a download speed of 105 Mbps and an upload speed of approximately 12 Mbps.

Which countries are the targets?

In almost all regions of western Europe, Starlink is readily available. In the North American region which includes Canada, the United States, and Mexico, Starlink is not yet accessible in Alaska and in the northern part of the Canadian region.

For the Asia Pacific region, Starlink is only available in the southern hemisphere of Australia. Residents in Japan, India and Indonesia can only be served in 2023. The company has no plans to ship Starlink devices to Russia and China.

SpaceX announced the reach of Starlink via its official Twitter account (Elon Musk Twitter). Although it does not specify the countries where Starlink operates, SpaceX does display a map describing its service areas on the page.

How much did Starlink build?

Starlink internet costs in the United States itself are relatively expensive and recently the price has gone up. To buy the antenna, the fee is USD 549, while the service fee per month is USD 110.

How much is the Starlink service port?

For countries that are included in the 'coming soon' category, they have actually been able to pre-order Starlink services from last year. How to enter the Starlink site, add an address & pay a deposit of 99 US dollars.

How does Starlink work?

Starlink works by transmitting coverage through a vacuum, where it travels much faster than fiber optic cable & can reach more people & locations.

While most current satellite internet services are based on a single geostationary satellite orbiting the planet at approximately 35,000 km, Starlink is a constellation of satellites orbiting the planet closer to Earth, at approximately 550 km, and covering the entire globe.

Because the Starlink satellites are in low orbit, the time back and forth between the user and the satellite – also known as latency – is much lower than using a satellite in geostationary orbit. This allows Starlink to provide services such as online gaming which normally cannot be done in other satellite broadband systems.

Starlink was created to provide high-speed broadband internet, even to locations where access is unreliable, too expensive, or not available at all.

How is Starlink's security level?

SpaceX has demonstrated its commitment to space safety through action, investing significant resources to ensure that all of our launch mounts, spacecraft, and satellites meet or exceed space safety regulations and best practices, including:

Designing and building a highly robust & maneuverable satellite that has demonstrated over 99% reliability.

Operates at low altitude (below 600 km) to ensure that no debris remains, even if the satellite fails in orbit.

Inserting satellites at very low altitudes to verify health before being raised into orbit at their stations/operations.

Share orbital coverage transparently using other satellite owners/operators.

Develop advanced friction avoidance system to take effective action when risk exceeds safe threshold.

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